Saturday, September 22, 2007

The Historical Site of Caesar's Murder

While going through our tour in Rome, we breezed by the Area Sacra di Largo Argentina. Area Sacra means Holy area and Largo Argentina was a kind of ancient Roman square with four temples facing a courtyard to the east, and paved with travertine. This site contains the ancient ruins of four temples that were discovered in 1926 during the construction of a new building. The archeology continued until 1930 where they exposed the entire site. The temples were marked with the letters A, B, C, D. Temple A was built in the 3rd century B.C., and is probably the Temple of Juturna, and later it was built into a church. The apse still remains as well as the biggest part of its columns. Temple B is a circular temple, and was built in 101 B.C.; it still has it's six columns, original flight of steps and the altar. Temple C is the most ancient of the others built in as early as the 4th century B.C. It is believed that this temple was for Feronia, the Italian goddess of fertility. Temple D is the largest and the most recent one. The Area Sacra was placed in the middle of important monuments: porticoes of Teatro di Pompeo, Curia di Pompeo, Baths of Agrippa, Pantheon and etc. The Curia di Pompeo is the site where Julius Caesar was murdered on March 15, 44 B.C. For more images see the Photo Archives.

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